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水泵機械密封常見滲漏現象及對策
日期: 2022年01月04日


GUANJIANCI:JIXIEMIFENG SHENLOUXIANXIANG  

  JIXIEMIFENGYICHENGDUANMIANMIFENG, QIYOUYIDUICHUIZHIYUXUANZHUANZHOUXIANDEDUANMIAN, GAIDUANMIANZAILIUTIYALIJIBUCHANGJIXIEWAIDANLIDEZUOYONGXIA, YILAIFUZHUMIFENGDEꦉPEIHEYULINGYIDUANBAOCHITIEHE, BINGXIANGDUIHUADONG, CONGERFANGZHILIUTIXIELOU。  

  一、常見的滲漏現象

  JIXIEMIFENGSHENLOUDEBILIZHANQUANBUWEIXIUBENGDE50%YISHANG, JIXIEMIFENGDEYUNXINGHAOHUAI🍸ZHIJIEYINGXIANGDAOSHUIBENGDEZHENGCHANGYUNXING, XIANZONGJIEFENXIRUXIA。

  1.ZHOUQIXINGSHENLOU

&ems♕p; (1) BENGZHUANZIZHOUXIANGCUANDONGLIANGDA, FUZHUMIFENGYUZHOUDEGUOYINGLIANGDA, DONGHUANBUNENGZAIZHOUSHANGLINGHUOYIDONG。ZAIBENGFANZHUAN,♉ DONG、JINGHUANMOSUNHOU, DEBUDAOBUCHANGWEIYI。

  DUICE: ZAIZHUANGPEIJIXIEMIFENGSHI, ZHOUDEZHOUXIANGCUANDONGLIANGYINGXIAO�𒐪�YU0.1mm , FUZHUMIFENGYUZHOUDEGUOYINGLIANGYINGSHIZHONG, ZAIBAOZHENGJINGXIANGMIFENGDETONGSHI, DONGHUANZHUANGPEIHOUBAOZHENGNENGZAIZHOUSHANGLINGHUOYIDONG(BADONGHUANYAXIANGDANHUANGNENGZIYOUDIDANHUILAI) 。

  (2) MIFENGMIANRUNHUAYOULIANGBUZUYINQIGANMOCAHUOLAMAOMIFENGDUANMIAN。

  DUICE: YOUSHIQIANGNEIRUNHUAYOUMIANGAODUYINGJIADAOGAOYUDONG、JINGHUANMIFENGMIAN。

  (3) ZHUANZIZHOUQIXINGZHENDONG。YUANYINSHIDINGZIYUSHANG、XIADUANGAIWEIDUIZHONGHUOXIELUNHEZHUZHOUBUPINGHENG, QISHI✱HUOZHOUCHENGSUNHUAI(MOSUN) ,ZHEZHONGQINGKUANGHUISUODUANMIFENGSHOUMINGHECHANSHENGSHENLOU。

  DUICE: KEGENJUWEIXIUBIAOZHUNLAIJIUZHENGSHANGSHUWENTI。

  2. XIAOXINGQIANWUBENGJIFENGSHENLOUYINQIDEMOZHOUXIANXIANG

 &em🎃sp;(1) 715kWYIXIAXIAOBENGJIFENGSHIXIAOCHANGCHANGCHANSHENGMOZHOU, MOZHOUWEIZHIZHUYAOYOUYIXIAJIGE: DONGHUANFUZHUMIFENGQUANCHU、JINGHUANWEIZHI、SHAOSHUDANHUANGYOUMOZHOUXIANXIANG。

  (2) MOZHOUDEZHUYAOYUANYIN: ①BIA XINGSHUANGDUANMIANJIXIEMIFENG,FANYAZHUANGTAISHIBULIANGDEGONGZUOZHUANGTAI, JIEZHIZHONGDEKELI、𓄧ZAZHIHENRONGYIJINRUMIFENGMIAN, SHIMIFENGSHIXIAO。②MOZHOUDEZHUYAOJIANWEIXIANGJIAOBOWENGUAN, QIESHIYOUYUSHANGDUANMIFENGMIANCHUYUBULIANGRUNHUAZHUANGTAI, DONGJINGHUANZHIJIANDEMOCALIJUDAYUXIANGJIAOBOWENGUANYUZHOUZHIJIANDECHUANDIZHUANJU,FASHENGXIANGDUIZHUANDONG。③DONG、JINGHUANFUZHUMIFENGYOUYUSHOUDAOWUSHUIZHONGDERUOSUAN、RUOJIANDE🔯FUSHI, XIANGJIAOJIANYIWUDANXING。YOUDEYIFULAN, SHIQULEYINGYOUDEGONGNENG, CHANSHENGLEMOZHOUDEXIANXIANG。

  (3) WEIJIEJUEYISHANGWEN🌳TI, XIANCAIQURUXIACUOSHI: ①BAOZHENGXIADUANGAI、YOUSHIDEQINGJIEDU, DUIBUQINGJIEDERUNHUAYOUJINZHIZHUANGPEI。②JIFENGYOUSHIQIANGNEIYOUMIANXIANYINGGAOYUDONGJINGHUANMIFENGMIAN。③GENJUBUTONGDESHIYONGJIEZHIXUANYONGBUTONGJIEGOUDEJIFENG。DUIGAOYANGCHENGBENGYINGZHONGXINSHEJIJIFENGJIEGOU, DUIFUSHIXINGJIEZHIXIANGJIAOYINGXUANYONGNAIRUOSUAN、RUOJIANDEFUXIANGJIAO。JI🥂FENGJINGHUANYINGJIAFANGZHUANXIAO。

  二、由于壓力產生的滲漏

  (1) GAOYAHEYALIBOZAOCHENGDEJIXIEMIFENGSHENLOU YOUYUDANHUANGBIYALIJIZONGBIYASHEJIGUODAHEMIFENGQIANGNEIYALICHAOGUO3MPa SHI,HUISHIMIFENGDUANMIANBIYAGUODA, YEMONANYIXINGCHENG, MIFENGDUANMIAN𝄹MOSUNYANZHONG, FARELIANGZENGDUO, ZAOCHENGMIFENGMIANREBIANXING。

  DUICE: ZAIZHUANGPEIJIFENGSHI, DANHUANGYASUOLIANGYIDINGYAOANGUIDINGJINXING, BUYUNXUYOUGUODAHUOGUOXIAODEXIANXIANG, GAOYATIAOJIANXIADEJIXIEMIFENGYINGCAIQUCUOSHI。WEISHIDUANMIANSHOULIHELI, JINLIANGJIANXIAOBIANXING, KECAIYONGYINGZHI♊HEJIN、TAOCIDENGNAIYAQIANGDUGAODECAILIAO, BINGJIAQIANGLENGQUEDERUNHUACUOSHI, XUANYONGKEKAODECHUANDONGFANGSHI, RUJIAN、XIAODENG。

  (2) ZHENKONG♏ZHUANGTAIYUNXINGZAOCHENGDEJIXIEMIFENGSHENLOU BENGZAIQIDONG、TINGJIGUOCHENGZHONG, YOUYUBENGJINKOUDUSAI, CHOUSONGJIEZHIZHONGHANYOUQITIDENGYUANYIN, YOUKENENGSHIMIFENGQIANGCHUXIANFUYA, MIFENGQIANGNEIRUOSHIFUYA, HUIYINQIMIFENGDUANMIANGANMOCA, NEIZHUANGSHIJIXIEMIFENGHUICHANSHENGLOUQI(SHUI) XIANXIANG, ZHENKONGMIFENGYUZHENGYAMIFENGDEBUTONGDIANZAIYUMIFENGDUIXIANGDEFANGXIANGXINGCHAYI, ERQIEJIXIEMIFENGYEYOUQIMOUYIFANGXIANGDESHIYINGXING。꧋

  DUICE: CAIYONGSHUANGDUANMIANJIXIEMIFENG, ZHEYANGYOUZHUYUGAISHANRUNHUATIAOJIAN, TIGAOMIFENGXINGNENG。

  三、由于介質引起的滲漏

  (1) DADUOSHUQIANWUBENGJIXIEMIFENGCHAIJIEHOU, JINGHUANHEDONGHUANDEFUZHUMIFENGJIANWUDANXING, YOUDEYIJINGFULAN, ZAOCHENGLEJIFENGDEDALIANGSHENLOUSHENZHIYOUMOZHOUDEXIANXIANG。YOUYUGAOWEN、WUꦫSHUIZHONGDERUOSUAN、RUOJIANDUIJINGHUANHEDONGHUANFUZHUXIANGJIAOMIFENGJIANDEFUSHIZUOYONG, ZAOCHENGLEJIXIESHENLOUGUODA, DONG、JINGHUANXIANGJIAOMIFENGQUANCAILIAOWEIDINGJING—40 ,♓ BUNAIGAOWEN, BUNAISUANJIAN, DANGWUSHUIWEISUANXINGJIANXINGSHIYIFUSHI。

  DUICE: DUIFUSHIXINGJIEZHI, XIANGJIAOJIANYINGXUANYONGNAIGAOWEN、NAIRUOSUAN、RUOJIANDEFUXIANGJIAO。

  (2) GUTIKELIZAZHIYINQIDEJIXIEMIFENGSHENLOU RUGUOGUTIKELIJINRUMIFENGDUANMIAN, JIANGHUIHUASHANGHUOJIAKUAIMIFENGDUANMIANDEMOSUN✅,SHUIGOUHEYOUWUZAIZHOU(TAO) BIAOMIANDEDUIJISUDUCHAOGUOMOCAFUDEMOSUNSUDU, ZHISHIDONGHUANBUNENGBUCHANGMOHAOWEIYI, YINGDUIYINGMOCAFUDEYUNZHUANSHOUMINGYAOBIYINGDUISHIMOMOCAFUDECHANG, YINWEIGUTIKELIHUIQIANRUSHIMOMIFENGHUANDEMIFENGMIAN🔥NEI。

  DUICE: ZAIGUTIKELIRONGYIJINRUDEWEIZHIYINGXUANYONGTANHUAWUDUITANHUAWUMOCAFUDEJIXIEMIFENG。

  四、因其他問題引起的機械密封滲漏

  JIXIEMIFENGZHONGHUANCUNZAISHEJI、XUANZE、ANZHUANGDENGBUGOUHELIDEDIFANG。

  (1) ꦏDANHUANGYASUOLIANGYIDING🎀YAOANGUIDINGJINXING, BUYUNXUYOUGUODAHUOGUOXIAODEXIANXIANG, WUCHA±2mm , YASUOLIANGGUODAZENGJIADUANMIANBIYA, MOCARELIANGGUODUO, ZAOCHENGMIFENGMIANREBIANXINGHEJIASUDUANMIANMOSUN, YASUOLIANGGUOXIAODONGJINGHUANDUANMIANBIYABUZU, ZEBUNENGMIFENG。   

  (2) ANZHUANGDONGHUANMIFENGQUANDEZHOU(HUOZHOU🥀TAO) DUANMIANJIANZHUANGJINGHUANMIFENGQUANDEMIFENGYAGAI(HUOKETI) DEDUANMIANYINGDAOJIAOBINGXIUGUANG,YIMIANZHUANGPEISHIPENGSHANGDONGJING🔯HUANMIFENGQUAN。

  五、結束語

  YISHANGZONGJIELEJIXIEMIFENGBIJIAOꦏCHANGJIANDESHENLOUYUANYIN。JIXIEMIFENGBENSHENSHIYIZHONGYAOQIUJIAOGAODEJINGMIBUJIAN, DUISHEJI、JIXIEJIAGONG、ZHUANGPEIZHILIANGDOUYOUHENGAODEYAOQIU。ZAISHIYONGJIXIEMIFENGSHI💛, YINGFENXISHIYONGJIXIEMIFENGDEGEZHONGYINSU, SHIJIXIEMIFENGSHIYONGYUGEZHONGBENGDEJISHUYAOQIUHESHIYONGJIEZHIYAOQIUQIEYOUCHONGFENDERUNHUATIAOJIAN, ZHEYANGCAINENGBAOZHENGMIFENGCHANGQIKEKAODIYUNZHUAN。GUANJIANCI:JIXIEMIFENG SHENLOUXIANXIANG  


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