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影響泵用機械密封外部條件的研究
日期: 2022年01月04日

影響泵用機械密封外部條件的研究  


LUNWENZHAIYAO:TONGGUODUIBENGYONGJIXIEMIFENGDESHIJIYINGYONGHELILUNFENXI,TICHULEJIXIEMIFENGDESHIJIMIFENGXIAOGUOBUJINYUJIXIEMIFENGZI🅺SHENDEXINGNENGYOUGUAN,QIEYUQITALINGBUJIANTIGONGDETIAOJIANYIJIMIFENGFUZHU༺XITONGTIGONGDETIAOJIANYOUZHUZHONGYAODEGUANXI,YINCIZAISHEJIBENGJIZUCHANPINSHI,YAOWEIJIXIEMIFENGDESHIYONGTIGONGYIGELIANGHAODEWAIBUTIAOJIAN。

 🍸;   MUQIANJIXIEMIFENGZAIBENGLEICHANPINZHONGDEYINGYONGFEICHANGGUANGFAN,ERSUIZHUCHANPINJISHUSHUIPINGDETIGAOHEJIEYUENENGYUANDEYAOQIU,JIXIEMIFENGDEYINGYONGQIANJINGJIANGGENGJIAGUANGFAN。JIXIEMIFENGDEMIFENGXIAOGUOJIANGZHIJIEYINGXIANGZHENGJIDEYUNXING,YOUQISHIZAISHIYOUHUAGONGLINGYUNEI,YINCUNZAIYIRAN、YIBAO、YIHUIFA、JUDUDENGJIEZHI,JIXIEMIFENGCHUXIANXIELOU,JIANGYANZHONGYINGXIANGSHENGCHANZHENGCHANGJINXING,YANZHONGDEHUANJIANGCHUXIANZHONGDAANQUANSHIGU。RENMENZAIFENXIZHILIANGGUZHANGYUANYINSHI,WANGWANGXIGUANZAIJIXIEMIFENGZISHENFANGMIAN。

   1機械密封的原理及要求

JIXIEMIFENGSHIKAOYIDUIXIANGDUIYUNDONGDEHUANDEDUANMIANA (YIGEGUDING,LINGYIGEYUZHOUYIQIXUANZHUAN,JIANTU1) XIANGHUTIEHEXINGCHENGDEWEIXIAOZHOUXIANGJIANXIQIMIFENGZUOYONG,ZHEZHONGZHUANGZHICHENGWEIJIXIEMI🔴FENG。

JIXIEMIFENGTONGCHANGYOUDONGHUAN、JINGHUAN、YAJINYUANJIANHEMIFENGYUANJIANZUCHENG。QIZHONGDONGHUANHEJINGHUANDEDUANMIANZUCHENGYIDUIMOCAFU,DONGHUANKAOMIFENGSHIZHONGYETIDEYALISHIQIDUANMIANYAJINZAIJINGHUANDUANMIANSHANG,BINGZAILIANGHUANDUANMIANSHANGCHANSHENGSHIDANGDEBIYAHEBAOCHIYICENGJIBODEYETIMOERDADAOMIFENGDEMUDE。YAJINYUANJIANCHANSHENGYALI,KESHIBENGZAIBUYUNZHUANZHUANGTAIXIA,YEBAOCHIDUANMIANTIEHE,♛BAOZHENGMIFENGJIEZHIBUWAILOU,BINGFANGZHIZAZHIJINRUMIFENGDUANMIAN。MIFENGYUANJIANQIMIFENGDONGHUANYUZHOUDEJIANXIB、JINGHUANYUYAGAIDEJIANXICDEZUO🔯YONG,TONGSHIDUIBENGDEZHENDONG、CHONGJIQIHUANCHONGZUOYONG。JIXIEMIFENGZAISHIJIYUNXINGZHONGBUSHIYIGEGULIDEBUJIAN,TASHIYUBENGDEQITALINGBUJIANYIQIZUHEQILAIYUNXINGDE,TONGSHITONGGUOQIJIBENYUANLIKEYIKANCHU,JIXIEMIFENGDEZHENGCHANGYUNXINGSHIYOUTIAOJIANDE,LIRU:BENGZHOUDECUANLIANGBUNENGTAIDA,FOUZEMOCAFUDUANMIANBUNENGXINGCHENGZHENGCHANGYAOQIUDEBIYA;JIXIEMIFENGCHUDEBENGZHOUBUNENGYOUTAIDADENAODU,FOUZEDUANMIANBIYAHUIBUJUNYUNDENGDENG。ZHIYOUMANZULEISIZHEYANGDEWAIBUTIAOJIAN,ZAIJIASHANGLIANGHAODEJIXIEMIFENGZISHENXINGNENG,CAINENGDADAOLIXIANGDEMIFENGXIAOGUO。

   2 外部條件影響的原因分析

   2.1 BENGZHOUDEZHOUXIANGCUANLIANGDA

JIXIEMIFENGDEMIFENGMIANYAOYOUYIDINGDEBIYA,ZHEYANGCAINENGQIDAOMIFENGZUOYONG,ZHEJIUYAOQIUJIXIEMIFENGDEDANHUANGYAOYOUYIDINGDEYASUOLIANG,GEIMIFENGDUANMIANYIGETUILI,XUANZHUANQILAISHIMIFENGMIANCHANSHENGMIFENGSUOYAOQIUDEBIYA。WEILEBAOZHENGZHEYIGEBIYA,JIXIEMIFENGYAOQIUBENGZHOUBUNENGYOUTAIDADECUANLIANG,YIBANYAOBAOZHENGZAI0.5 m꧂mYINEI。DANZAISHIJISHEJIDANGZHONG,YOUYUSHEJIDEBUHELI,WANGWANGBENGZHOUCHANSHENGHENDADECUANLIANG,DUIJIXIEMIFENGDESHIYONGSHIFEICHANGBULIDE。ZHEZHONGXIANXIANGWANGWANGCHUXIANZAIDUOJILIXINBENGZHONG,YOUQISHIZAIBENGQIDONGGUOCHENGZHONG,CUAN🐻LIANGBIJIAODA。

WEIPINGHENGPANFANGFAPINGHENGZHOUXIANGLIDEGONGZUOYUANLI。PINGHENGPANGONGZUOSHIZIDONGGAIBIANPINGHENGPANYUPINGHENGHUANZHIJIANDEZHOUXIANGJIANXIb,CONGERGAIBIANPINGHENGPANQIANHOU💜LIANGCEDEYACHA,CHANSHENGYIGEYUZHOUXIANGLIFANGXIANGXIANGFANDEZUOYONGLILAIPINGHENGZHOUXIANGLI。YOUYUZHUANZICUANDONGDEGUANXINGZUOYONGHESHUNꦅTAIBENGGONGKUANGDEBODONG,YUNZHUANDEZHUANZIBUHUIJINGZHIZAIMOUYIZHOUXIANGPINGHENGWEIZHI。PINGHENGPANSHIZHONGCHUZAIZUOYOUCUANDONGDEZHUANGTAI。PINGHENGPANZAIZHENGCHANGGONGZUOZHONGDEZHOUXIANGCUANLIANGZHIYOU0105 ~011 mm,MANZUJIXIEMIFENGDEYUNXUZHOUXIANGCUANLIANG015 mmDEYAOQIU,DANPINGHENGPANZAIBENGQIDONG、TINGJI、GONGKUANGJUBIANSHIDEZHOUXIANGCUANLIANGKENENGDADACHAOGUOJIXIEMIFENGYUNXUDEZHOUXIANGCUANLIANG。

BENGJINGGUOCHANGSHIJIANYUNXINGHOU,PINGHENGPANYUPINGHENGHUANMOCAMOSUN,JIANXIbSUIZHUZENGDA,JIXIEMIFENGZHOUXIANGCUANLIANGBUDUANZENGJIA。YOUYUZHOUXIANGLIDEZUOYONG,XIRUCEDEMIFENGMIANDEYAJINLIZENGJIA,MIFENGMIANMOSUNJIAJU,ZHIZHIMIFENGMIANSUNHUAI,SHIQUMIܫFENGZUOYONG。TUCHUCEDEJIXIEMIFENG,SUIZHUPINGHENGPANDEMOSUN,ZHUANZIBUJIANDEZHOUXIANGCUANLIANGDAYUMIFENGYAOQIUDEZHOUXIANGCUANLIANG,MIFENGMIANDEYAJINLIJIANXIAO,DABUDAOMIFENGYAOQIU,ZUIZHONGSHIBENGLIANGCEDEJIXIEMIFENGQUANBUSHIQUMIFENGZUOYONG。

   2.2 ZHOUXIANGLIPIANDA

JIXIEMIFENGZAISHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGSHIBUNENGGOUCHENGSHOUZHOUXIANGLIDE,RUOCUNZAIZHOUXIANGLI,DUIJIXIEMIFENGDEYINGXIANGSHIYANZHONGDE。YOUSHIYOUYUBENGDEZHOUXIANGLIPINGHENGJIGOUSHEJIDEBUHELIJIZHIZAO、ANZHUANG、SHIYONGDENGFANGMIANDEYUANYIN,ZAOCHENGZHOUXIANGLIMEIYOUBEIPINGHENGDIAO。JIXIEMIFENGCHENGSHOUYIGEZHOUXIANGLI,YUNZHUANSHIMIFENGYAGAIWENDUJIANGPIANGAO,DUIYUJUBINGXILEIDEJIEZHI,ZAIGAOWENXIAHUIBEIRONGRONG,YINCIBENGQIDONGHOUHENKUAIJIUSHIQUMIFENGXIAOGUO,BENGJINGZHISHIZEMIFENGDUANMIANCHUXIANJIANDUAN🦄DEPENLOUXIANXIANG。

   2.3 BENGZHOUDENAODUPIANDA

JIXIEMIFENGYOUCHENGDUANMIANMIFENG,SHIYIZHONGXUAN𒁃ZHUANZHOUXIANGDEJIECHUSHIDONGMIFENG,TASHIZAILIUTIJIEZHIHEDANXINGYUANJIANDEZUOYONGXIA,LIANGGECHUIꩲZHIYUZHOUXINXIANDEMIFENGDUANMIANJINMITIEHE、XIANGDUIXUANZHUAN,CONGERDADAOMIFENGXIAOGUO,YINCIYAOQIULIANGGEMIFENGZHIJIANYAOSHOULIJUNYUN。DANYOUYUBENGCHANPINSHEJIDEBUHELI,BENGZHOUYUNZHUANSHI,ZAIJIXIEMIFENGANZHUANGCHUCHANSHENGDENAODUJIAODA,SHIMIFENGMIANZHIJIANDESHOULIBUJUNYUN,DAOZHIMIFENGXIAOGUOBUHAO。

   2.4 MEIYOUFUZHUCHONGXIXITONGHUOFUZHUCHONGXIXITONGSHEZHIBUHELI

JIXIEMIFENGDEFUZHUCHONGXIXITONGSHIFEICHANGZHONGYAODE,TAKEYIYOUXIAODIBAOHUMIFENGMIAN,QIDAOLENGQUE、RUNHUA、CHONGZOUZAWUDENGZUOYONG。YOUSHISHEJIYUANMEIYOUHELIDIPEIZHIFUZHUCHONGXIXITONG,DABUDAOMIFENGXIAOGUO; YOUSHISUIRANSHEJIRENYUANSHEJILEFUZHUXITONG,DANYOUYUCHONGXIYEZHONGYOUZAZHI,CHONGXIYEDELIULIANG、YAꦆLIBUGOU,CHONGXIKOUWEIZHISHEJIBUHELIDENGYUANYIN,YETONGYANGDABUDAOMIFENGXIAOGUO。

   2.5 ZHENDONGPIANDA

JIXIEMIFENGZHENDONGPIANDA,ZUIZHONGDAOZHISHIQUMIFENGXIAOGUO。DANJIXIEMIFENGZHENDONGPIANDADEYUANYINWANGWANGBUSHIJIXIEMIFENGBEN💎SHENDEYUANYIN,BENGDEQITALINGBUJIANSHICHANSHENGZHENDONGDEGENYUAN,RUBENGZHOUSHEJIBUHELI、JIAGONGDEYUANYIN、𓂃ZHOUCHENGJINGDUBUGOU、LIANZHOUQIDEPINGXINGDUCHA、JINGXIANGLIDADENGYUANYIN。

   2.6 BENGQISHIDEYUANYIN

YOUYUZHUANGZHIXITONGCAOZUOBUHELIYIJIBENGJINKOUQISHIXINGNENGBUHAO、BENGDEZHUANSUPIANGAO,ZAIBENGDERUKOUCHUFASHENGJUBUQISHI,QISHIFASHENGHOU,SHUIZHONGHUIYOUQIPAO🎐,TAYIFANGMIANHUICHONGJIJIXIEMIFENGMIANDEWAIBIAOMIAN,SHIQIBIAOMIAN🧜CHUXIANPOSUN; LINGYIFANGMIANHUISHIDONGJINGHUANDEWENHEMIANDELIUDONGMOZHONGYEHANYOUQIPAO,BUNENGXINGCHENGWENDINGDELIUDONGMO,ZAOCHENGDONGJINGHUANDEWENHEMIANDEGANMOCA,SHIJIXIEMIFENGZHUANGZHISUNHUAI。

   2.7 JIXIEJIAGONGJINGDUBUGOU

JIXIEJIAGONGJINGDUBUGOU,YUANYINYOUHENDUO,YOUDESHIJIXIEMIFENGBENSHENDEJIAGONGJINGDUBUGOU🌌,ZHEFANGMIANDEYUANYIN⭕RONGYIYINQIRENMENDEZHUYI,YERONGYIZHAODAO。DANYOUSHISHIBENGQITABUJIANDEJIAGONGJINGDUBUGOU,ZHEFANGMIANDEYUANYIN,BURONGYIYINQIRENMENDEZHUYI。LIRU:BENGZHOU、ZHOUTAO、BENGTI、MIFENGQIANGTIDEJIADAJINGDUBUGOUDENGYUANYIN。ZHEXIEYUANYINDECUNZAIDUIJIXIEMIFENGDEMIFENGXIAOGUOSHIFEICHANGBULIDE。

   3 應采取的措施

   3.1 XIAOCHUBENGZHOUCUANLIANGDADECUOSHI

HELIDI🐼SHEJIZHOUXIANGLIDEPINGHENGZHUANGZHI,XIAOCHUZHOUXIANGCUANLIANG。WEILEMANZUZHEYIYAOQIU,DUIYUDUOJILIXINBENG,BIJIAOLIXIANGDESHEJIFANGANYOULIANGGE:YIGESHIPINGHENGPANJIAZHOUXIANGZHITUIZHOUCHENG,YOUPINGHENGPANPINGHENGZHOUXIANGLI,YOUZHOUXIANGZHITUIZHOUCHENGDUIBENGZHOUJINXINGZHOUXIANGXIANWEI; LINGYIGESHIPINGHENGGUJIAZHOUXIANGZHITUIZHOUCHENG,YOUPINGHENGGUPINGHENGDIAODABUFENZHOUXIANGLI,SHENGYUDEZHOUXIANGLIYOUZHITUIZHOUCHENGCHENGDAN,TONGSHIZHOUXIANGZHITUIZHOUCHENGDUIBENGZHOUJINXINGZHOUXIANGXIANWEI。DIERZHONGFANGANDEGUANJIANSHIHELIDISHEJIPINGHENGGU,SHIZHINENGGOUZHENZHENGPINGHENGDIAODABUFENZHOUXIANGLI。DUIYUQITADANJIBENG、ZHONGKAIBENGDENGCHANPIN,ZAISHEJISHICAIQUYIXIECUOSHIBAOZHENGBENGZHOUDECUANLIANGZAIJIXIEMIFENGSUOYAOQIUDEFANWEIZHINEI。

   3.2 XIAOCHUZHOUXIANGLIPIANDADECUOSHI

HELIDISHEJIZHOUXIANGLIPINGHENGJIGOU,SHIZHINENGGOUZHENZHENGCHONGFENDIPINGHENGDIAOZHOUXIANGLI,GEIJIXIEMIFENGCHUANGZAOYIGELIANGHAODETIAOJIAN。DUIYUYIXIEDIANCHANG、SHIYOU、HUAGONGDENGLINGYUYINGYONGDEZHONGYAOCHANPIN,ZAICHANPINCHUCHANGZHIQIAN,BIXUZUODAOTAITAISHIYANJIANCEHEFAXIANWENTIHEJIEJUEWENTI。YOUXIEZHONGYAODEBENGKEYIZAIZHUANZISHANG𓆏SHEJIYIGEZHOUXIANGCELIHUAN,DUIZHOUXIANGLIDEDAXIAOJINXINGSUISHIJIANCE,FAXIANWENTIJISHIJIEJUE。

   3.3 XIAOCHUBENGZHOUNAODUPIANDADECUOSHI

ZHEZHONGXIANXIANGDADUOCUNZAIWOSHIDUOJILIXINBENGZHONG,ZAISHEJISHICAIQUYIXIACUOSHI:

   (1) JIANSHAOLIANGDUANZHOUCHENGZHIJIANDEJULI。BENGXIELUNDEJISHUBUYAOTAIDUO,ZAIBENGZONGYANGꦕCHENGYAOQIUJIAOGAODEQINGKUANGXIA,𝓡JINLIANGTIGAOMEIJIXIELUNDEYANGCHENG,JIANSHAOJISHU。

   (2) ZENGJIABENGZHOUDEZHIJING。ZAISHEJIBENGZHOUZHIཧJINGDESHIHOU,BUYAOJIANDANDIJINKAOLVCHUANDIGONGLVDEDA☂XIAO,ERYAOKAOLVJIXIEMIFENG、ZHOUNAODU、QIDONGFANGFAHEYOUGUANGUANXINGFUHE、JINGXIANGLIDENGYINSU。HENDUOSHEJIYUANMEIYOUCHONGFENRENSHIDAOZHEYIDIAN。

   (3) TIGAOBENGZHOUCAILIAODEDENGJI。

   (4) BENGZHOUSHEJIWANCHENGHOU,DUIBENGZHOUDENAODUYAOJINXINGXIAOHEJIANYANJISUAN。

   3.4 ZENGJIAFUZHUCHONGXIXITONG

ZAITIAOJIANYUNXUDEQINGKUANGXIA,JINLIANGSHEJIFUZHUCHONGXIXITONG。CHONGXIYALIYIBANYAOQIUGAOYUMIFENGQIANGYALI0107 ~011 MPa,RUGUOSHUSONGJIEZHISHUYUYIQIHUADE,ZEYINGGAOYUQIHUAYALI01175~012 MPa。MIFENGQIANGYALIYAOGENJUMEIZHONGBENGDEJIEGOUXINGSHI、XITONGYALIDENGYINSULAIJISUAN。ZHOUFENGQIANGYALIHENGAOSHIHUOZHEYALIJIHU🐠JIEJINGAIMIFENGSHIYONGZUIGAOJIXIANSHI,YEKEYOUMIFENGQIANGYINYETIZHIDIYAQU,SHIZHOUFENGYETILIUDONGYIDAIZOUMOCARE。TUIJIANDECHONGXILIANGRUBIAO1SUOSHI。

GENJUMEIZHONGBENGDECAOZUOTIAOJIAN,HELIDIPEIZHIGUANLUHEFUJIAN。RULENGQUEQI、KONGBAN、GUOLVQI、FAMEN、LIULIANGZHISHIQI、YALIBIAO、WENDUDENG。SHIJISHANGMIFENGDEKE🥂KAOXINGHESHOUMING🎶,ZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGQUJUEYUMIFENGFUZHUXITONGDEPEIZHI。

   3.5 XIAOCHUBENGJINKOUQISHIDECUOSHI

   (1) TIGAOBENGDEQISHIXINGNENGSHUIPING,MANZUXIANCHANGZHUANGZHIDEQISHIXINGNENGDEYAOQIU。

   (2) XIANCHANGSHIYANZHUANGZHIDEYAOQIUYAOYUBENGQISHIXINGNENGSHUIPINGPIPEI。

   (3) XIANCHANGANZHUANGHEGONGKUANGDIAOJIEYAOGEIBENGCHUANGZAOYOULIDETIAOJIAN。

   3.6 XIAOCHUBENGZHENDONGDECUOSHI

   (1) BENGCHANPINZAISHEJIGUOCHENGZHONG,YAOCHONGFENFENXIZHENDONGDELAIYUAN,YIXIAOCHUZHENDONGYUAN。

   (2) BENGCHANPINDEZHIZAOZHUANGPEIGUO🉐CHENGZHONG,YANGEANBIAOZHUNHECAOZUOGUICHENGQUZHIXING,XIAOCHUZHENDONGYUAN。

   (3) BENG、DIANJI、DIZUO、XIANCHANGGUANLUDENGFUZHUSHEBEIZAIXIAN🌸CHANGANZHUANGSHI,YAOYANGEBAGUAN,XIAOCHUꩲZHENDONGYUAN。

   (4) XIANCHANGSHENGCHAN、CAOZUO、WEIXIU、DIAOJIESHI,YANGEBAGUAN,XIAOCHUZHENDONGYUAN。

   3.7 YANGEZHIXINGSHEJIBIAOZHUN

BENGCHANPINDESHEJIHEJIXIEMIFENGCHANPINDESHEJIYAOZHIXINGಌXIANGGUANDEGUONEIWAIBIAOZHUN,ZAICHANPINDESHEJIGUOCHENGZHONG,SHEJIYUANYINGRENZHENZHIXINGBIAOZHUN,SHENKELIJIEBIAOZHUNMEIYITIAONEIRONGDEJUTIYIYI,JIANGBIAOZHUNNEIRONGDEYAOQIUZHIXINGDAOCHANPINSHEJIGUOCHENGZHONG。DAOMUQIANWEIZHI,YOUHENDUOSHEJIYUANHUANMEIYOUಞLIJIEBIAOZHUNDESHIJIHANYI,MEIYOUYANGEDIQUZHIXINGXINBIAOZHUN,ERSHIMANGMUDIZHAOBANZHAOTAOLAOTUZHIHELAOSHEJIYUANDEJINGYAN。ZHEZHONGZUOFADUITIGAOWOGUOCHANPINJISHUSHUIPINGHEJINRUGUOJISHICHANGSHIFEICHANGBULIDE。TIGAOBIAOZHUNHUARENSHI,SHIMUQIANJIXIEXINGYESHEJIYUANPOQIEXUYAOJIEJUEDEWENTI。

   4 結束語

ZAISHEJIBENGYONGJIXIEMIFENGSHI,BUJINYAOKAOLVJIXIEMIFENGBENSHENDEYINGXIANGYINSU,ERQIEYAOKAOLVJIXIEMIFENGWAIBUDEGEZHONGYINGXIANGYINSU。ZAISHIJIGONGZUOZHONGYAOZHUYIYIXIA꧑JIGEWENTI:

  &🅰nbsp;(1) ZAIBENGCHANPINDESHEJIGUOCHENGZHONGYAOCHONGFENKAOLVDAOBENGQITALINGBUJIAN🐠YIJIXIANCHANGQITASHEBEIDUIJIXIEMIFENGDESHIYONGXIAOGUODEYINGXIANG,WEIJIXIEMIFENGCHUANGZAOYIGELIANGHAODEWAIBUTIAOJIAN。

   🌞(2) ZENGJIADUIJIXIEMIFENGFUZHUXITONGDEZHONGYAOZUOYONGDERENSHI,JINKENENGPEIBEIWANSHANDEJIXIEMIFENGFUZHUXITONG,YITIGAOMIFENGXIAOGUO。

ജ    (3) DUIZHONGYAOBENGCHANPINDEJIXIEMIFENG,YAOZENGJIABAOHUCUOSHI,TIGAOMIFENGZHILIANG,JIANSHAO💖MIFENGZHILIANGSHIGU。

 💫  (4) FENXIJIXIEMIFENGDEZHILIANGSHIGUDEYUANYINSHI,YAOCHONGFENKAOLVDAOBENGDEQITALINGBUJIANDUIJIXIEMIFENGYUNXINGDEYINGXIANG,CAIQUCUOSHIBUDUANTIGAOJIXIEMIFENGDE⛦XIAOGUO。

   CANKAOWENXIAN

   【1】MOUJIEGANG1BINGWANBENGDESHEJIYUYANJIU1SHUIBENGJISHU,♐1999 (💝 1) :9~131

   【2】SHENYANGSHUIBENGYANJIUSUO1XIEPIANBENGSHEJISHOUCE1BEIJING:JIXIEGONGYECHUBANSHE,19731

   【3】RUHE﷽TIGAOSHIHUABENGYONGJIXIEMIFENGDEXINGNENGJISHOUMING1SHIYOUHUAGONGSHEBEIJISHU,1994 (6🅷) :23~261


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